Matrix.pm (1392B) - raw

1 package Matrix; 2 use strict; 3 use warnings; 4 use Exporter qw<import>; 5 our @EXPORT_OK = qw<row column>; 6 7 sub define_matrix { 8 my @matrix; 9 # shift is just the parameter that was passed to the subroutine 10 # split on the newline 11 my @lines = split /\n/, shift; 12 # push into the matrix a reference to an array which represents 13 # each row. Elements of the array are found by splitting on 14 # blank space 15 push @matrix, [split / /] foreach (@lines); 16 return @matrix; 17 } 18 19 # $input is a reference to a hash with two keys: 20 # index, which asks for a row or column, and 21 # string, which represents the matrix 22 23 sub row { 24 my ($input) = @_; 25 my $index = $input->{'index'}; 26 my @matrix = define_matrix($input->{'string'}); 27 # since we are returning a row, $index-1 is the row within @matrix 28 # we need to return. In this case, we are returning a reference to 29 # an array which contains the element of the row 30 return $matrix[$index - 1]; 31 } 32 33 sub column { 34 my ($input) = @_; 35 my $index = $input->{'index'}; 36 my @matrix = define_matrix($input->{'string'}); 37 my @column; 38 # each row of the matrix is represented by an array. $row is a 39 # reference to that array. To get the column, we use [$index-1]. 40 foreach my $row (@matrix) { 41 push @column, $row->[$index - 1]; 42 } 43 # we need to return a reference to the array containing the column 44 return \@column; 45 } 46 47 1;